Electric cars are zero-emission cars at the point of there usage. The battery is recharged by on board charger, at times battery is also charged from the electric-cell which is further converted into motive power by electric motor.
How do electric-cars work?
Rechargeable traction batteries such as nickel hydride and lithium-ion cells are the latest battery modes. Although the most widely used traction batteries include lead acid battery.
But the latest present day traction batteries provides much significant improvement as per performance and range. Most of the BEV manufacturers these days use Ni-MH and Li-Ion batteries, as they are more flexible for automotive applications. This batteries are relatively very expensive.
When driving an electric-car it gives a very different experience to use a conventional vehicle. Forward driving is very usual in the same ways as in automatic, another big similarity is the absence of clutch pedal. As the car picks up high speed, the engine makes little noise which can be clearly heard and is further drowned by wind and noise by tyre. Usually electric cars have great acceleration especially at low speed.
Although many electric cars are commercial models designed as city cars. They usually perform at a speed of 40-50 mph. There are many high speed cars such as Tesla roadster which is capable of performing at 130 mph and it even goes from 0-60 mph in every 4 seconds. UK car models have adequate application range which includes city-driving, regular driving cycles, short range driving and very low and or zero-emission are allowed access.
Electric-cars are most commonly charged during overnight hours as well as roadside charging stations. There are many fast as well as slow charging units available in the market. Electric-cars are better cars for environment, as there emission rate is around 40% less than usual petrol cars. These cars also improves fuel efficiency upto 20%.
As a result, all the electric cars are well suited for use as a secondary private car for the city usage, commercial fleets and company pool cars.